RECONSTRUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF SMALL RESERVOIRS, DRILLING WELLS FOR WATERING OF WILD ANIMALS IN THE TERRITORY OF BARSAKELMES STATE NATURE RESERVE

RECONSTRUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF SMALL RESERVOIRS, DRILLING WELLS FOR WATERING OF WILD ANIMALS IN THE TERRITORY OF BARSAKELMES STATE NATURE RESERVE

45.653898

59.906825

watering of wild animals

RECONSTRUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF SMALL RESERVOIRS, DRILLING WELLS FOR WATERING OF WILD ANIMALS IN THE TERRITORY OF BARSAKELMES STATE NATURE RESERVE

Project Objectives: 

  • Conservation and increase of the number of wildlife (gazelles, saigas and kulans, etc.) in the Barsakelmes state nature reserve;
  • Construction of watering points on the island – well drilling and repair of existing artificial ponds;
  • Conservation of the ecosystem of the northern and middle deserts of the temperate belt, soil and vegetation, species of flora and fauna.

Objectives of the project:

  • drilling of hydrogeological wells, carrying out experimental hydrogeological works on them;
  • testing the rocks of the aeration zone and all identified water sources (surface and underground), studying the physico-mechanical and water-physical properties of the soil, chemical analysis of surface, groundwater.
  • the development of less costly irrigation methods using modern water-saving technologies;
  • revision of existing irrigation methods and their reconstruction using modern water-saving technologies;
  • Drilling of wells for watering wild animals in the Barsakelmes nature reserve
  • construction of watering points on the island – drilling a well and repairing existing artificial ponds.

Expected results of the project:

  • The results of the project are aimed at preserving and increasing the flora and fauna of the Barsakelmes Reserve, preventing the migration of animals, and improving the ecosystem.

The cost of the project: 55.2 million tenge (172.5 thousand $)

Terms of project implementation: March 2010 – November 2018.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARAL REGION WILD ANIMALS ADAPTATION

DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARAL REGION WILD ANIMALS ADAPTATION

46.131575

61.695545

 

saiga

DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARAL REGION WILD ANIMALS ADAPTATION

Project objectives: To preserve and restore populations of rare wild hoofed animals and those listed in the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan (saiga, gazelle, kulan, Przewalski horse) by breeding under semi-free conditions followed by reintroduction into the wild.

Objectives of the project:

  • Develop a concept for managing the population of wild hoofed animals in the Northern Aral Region;
  • To substantiate the functional and ecological habitats of animals in conditions close to natural;
  • Develop an infrastructure for the maintenance and reproduction of a population of wild hoofed animals (saiga, gazelle, kulan, Przhivalsky horse);
  • To develop and substantiate the spatial and social structure of aviary upkeep of wild hoofed animals;
  • Give a comprehensive assessment of the feeding and watering base of the nursery;
  • To develop recommendations on bringing the size of the saiga population in the nursery to the production level

Expected results of the project:

  • Technologies will be developed for keeping and breeding saiga and other endangered hoofed animals in semi-free conditions.
  • A reserve saiga livestock will be created for:
    • preservation of the gene pool of the species in a critical situation;
    • reintroduction to other areas to restore dying populations;
    • transfer to other nurseries, zoos, etc.
  • The feed capacity of pastures and the optimal level of animal number for the Northern Aral region will be determined;
  • Biotechnical measures will be carried out to improve the habitats of animals (creation of watering places, sowing of forage grasses, planting shrubs, etc.);
  • An assessment will be made of the possibility of coexistence of other rare animals with saiga (kulan, gazelle, Przewalski horse), taking into account the forage capacity of the land;
  • The possibility of restoring the historic range of endangered species and subspecies of hoofed animals will be tested;
  • Schools will be held on awareness of the population and involvement of local residents in the activities of the “Center”;
  • The use of the “Aral region center …” as a basis for scientific research, monitoring, experiments, environmental education, student practice, etc.

The cost of the project: 945 million tenge ($ 3 million)

Terms of the project implementation: the first stage 2017-2020. the second stage 2021 – 2025